Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is a water soluble vitamin. It is necessary for the development and maintenance of a healthy nervous system, the formation of DNA and the formation of red blood cells. Deficiency of vitamin B12 can lead to a condition known as megaloblastic anemia.
Deficiency of vitamin B12
A lack of vitamin B12 occurs when the body does not get enough or can not absorb the amount of vitamin that it needs. Many people over 50 years of age lose the ability to absorb vitamin B12 from food and are advised to take it through supplements. The risk groups also include vegetarians, because the best source of B12 is precisely meat. Especially large is the risk of vegans who do not consume products of animal origin at all. Babies whose mothers are vegetarian may be suffering from a deficiency of vitamin B12.
Although this phenomenon develops slowly, serious problems can arise, such as:
Weakness, fatigue and lack of energy or dizziness;
Diarrhea or constipation;
Accelerated heart rhythm and rapid breathing;
Inflamed tongue or bleeding gums;
Pale and yellowish skin;
If you do not pay attention to this condition, the long-standing lack of vitamin B12 can lead to damage to nerve cells and cause some more serious problems such as:
Loss of balance;
Confusion and serious memory problems;
Stiffness or tingling of the hands and feet.